Cataract is a common eye disease, which generally occurs to older people. People who are over 60 often experience blurry or cloudy vision and the culprit here is none other than cataract. It can affect one or both the eyes.
You will be surprised to know that cataract is the main cause of blindness in the world. According to Prevent Blindness America (PBA) over 30 million Americans are going to be affected by cataract by the year 2010.
What Causes Cataract
The lens of our eyes mainly consists of water and protein. The protein is arranged in such a way that it keeps the lens the clear and allows the light to pass through the lens. But as the person gets older, the protein starts to build up in the lens of the eyes. It first affects a smaller portion of the lens but as the days pass by it may affect the whole lens and makes it difficult to see.
Age is the most common cause of cataract but apart from that, there are many other reasons due to which cataract can occur to a person.
Medical Conditions: It occurs due to certain medical conditions like diabetes, atopic dermatitis, eczema, ichthyosis, basal cell nevus and pemphigus. It also occurs due to hypertension and obesity.
Medication: There is a chance that you may get affected with cataract if you are using some medication like corticosteroids.
Smoking and alcohol consumption: If you are abusing your body by regularly consuming alcohol and smoking, then there is a chance that cataract may affect you soon.
Vitamin deficiency: Insufficient beta carotene, selenium, Vitamin C and E in your body can make you prone to cataract.
Trauma: In this case, the person gets cataract due to some eye injury or inflammation.
Radiation: Radiation of ultra violet rays from the sun is another known cause of cataract. Radiation from microwave and X-rays can also cause cataract.
Congenital: Sometimes babies born with cataract. It may be caused due to some infections in the womb or due to poor development of the baby in the womb.
What are the Symptoms of Cataract
Cataract can lead to blindness if it is not diagnosed in its earlier stage. So it is important for you to know the symptoms of cataract and go for proper treatment to prevent it or stop it from progressing further.
Gradual decline in vision
You can find light from the sun or lamp too glaring
Driving at night becomes difficult
Blurry and cloudy vision
You may experience double vision
Need to change eye glasses frequently
Experience of the fading of colors
Older people with cataract experience nearsightedness
Discoloration of the pupil
Your eyes become sensitive to bright light
Types of Cataract
There are basically three types of cataract which include:
Nuclear Cataract: In this type, cataract affects the center of the lens. It generally occurs to old people. It’s the most common type of cataract.
Cortical Cataract: In this type, white wedge-like opacities form on the outer edge of the lens cortex.
Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts: This type of cataract affects the back side of the lens. The people who suffer from diabetes or who are on steroid medications are prone to this type of cataract. This type of cataract spreads fast in comparison to other types of cataracts.
Home Remedies for Cataract
Surgery is recommended for the advanced stage of cataract when it becomes almost difficult for the person to see and to perform the daily activities like reading, driving, seeing at night etc.
Cataract is a curable eye disease but can lead to blindness if it is not treated at the earlier stage. There are many home remedies for cataract that you can use to treat it in its initial stage.
Aniseed, Coriander and Brown Sugar Mixture
This simple herbal mixture may help to prevent cataract if it is in its early stage.
What You Need:
Aniseed powder – 2 tbsp
Coriander powder – 2 tbsp
Brown sugar – 1 tbsp
Mix all the ingredients well and consume it.
Take this mixture regularly in the morning and evening to get effective results against cataract.