Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Triggers and treatment for migraine headaches


Migraine attacks can be an extremely debilitating. The condition of recurring headaches may run in the family, may be related to stress or triggered by certain foods. Irregular eating, sleeping patterns, allergic reactions and weather are other migraine triggers.

There are three different levels of migraine treatment – preventative treatment, acute treatment and rescue treatment.

Medications

Medications used for treatment of migraines headache can be classified into two broad categories:

Pain-relieving medications (that is acute or abortive treatment) - These drugs are given to stop the symptoms that have already begun and can be taken anytime taken during migraine attacks. These are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Triptans, Ergot, Anti-nausea medications, Butalbital combinations and Opiates.

These medications are most effective when taken as soon as you experience signs or symptoms of a migraine. Rest and sleep after taking the medication can increase the efficacy of the medicine.
Preventive medications - These medications are taken regularly (if needed daily) to control migraines (i.e. reduce the severity or frequency of symptoms). These include cardiovascular drugs such as beta blockers (such as propranolol), calcium channel blockers (verapamil), antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, cyproheptadine and botulinum toxin type A (Botox).

Preventive medications however, are not effective in completely eliminating headaches. They can cause some serious side effects. If the preventative medicines are effective and you have been migraine-free for six months to a year, your doctor may advise you to lower the dose to see if you remain migraine free or the migraine headache returns without it. For migraine treatments to be effective, take the prescribed medications as your doctor recommends.


Best treatment for hair loss



Those suffering from hair loss know that there are millions of treatments on offer for the malady. It is thus inevitable for the patient to become suspicious of this profusion of promises. The best available treatments for hair loss can be narrowed down to a few categories but you should make an informed choice having consulted doctors and professionals in the field.

Focus

To identify a suitable action for your specific hair loss problem you need to understand the nature of the condition. If your doctor has been able to investigate the chief causes then a proper treatment can begin. Are you losing hair because of undue stress or could it be a genetic cause? Thorough inquiries will make clear the uniqueness of your ailment.

Propecia

Finasteride marketed as Propecia is perhaps the most successful known pill to treat pattern baldness in men. It works by preventing the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone thereby limiting the androgenetic progression of hair loss. This direct intervention may stop hair fall but comes with adverse side effects. The patient will be at high risk of prostate cancer, reduced sperm count and impotence. 

Rogaine

Minoxidil is marketed under many names, the popular being Rogaine. The chemical used for topical application shows fast results in treating male pattern baldness. It has been considered revolutionary but Rogaine is typically effective till the time one uses it. A women’s version is also available. During use one should be aware of the mild to extreme side effects that range from itching to unexplained weight gain.

Herbal

If chemicals are not your cup of tea then traditional and natural treatments are the best bet. Chinese swear by Ginseng’s multiple healing properties. Hair regeneration is of course on the top of the list. The ginger like roots can be boiled and had in tea or ginseng oil can be directly applied to thinning hair. Indians rely on Amla Reetha and Shikakai as natural conditioners that aid the hair with vital nutrients.
Supplements
Your hair is mostly Keratin and therefore a protein rich diet can prevent or decelerate the process of hair loss. When mixed with hair oil, Vitamins A and E give best results in reviving inactive hair follicles. Almond oil is known to be a rich source of Vitamin A and can be mixed with Vitamin E capsules for application on the scalp. 


Try these 5 yoga asanas to reduce tummy



Yoga has become popular among people because of its property of being the best medicine to get rid of fat and stress simultaneously.
Here are some yoga exercises that can help you lose excess belly fat. 

Kapalbhati Pranayama

This breathing technique gives a thorough exercise to the abdominal muscles.
  • To do the Kapalbhati posture, sit on a flat surface with your legs folded.
  • Relax all the joints and ensure that your spine is erect.
  • Once you have attained this position, close the eyes and blow air out of your nose slowly while contracting the muscles of the stomach inside.
  • Inhale deeply and let the stomach contract and expand vigorously. Repeat this breathing technique for several times for ten minutes and fasten the pace as you repeat.
As you become an expert in this breathing technique, increase the time period of the exercise from 10 minutes to 30 minutes. 

Anulom-Vilom

Anulom-Vilom is highly effective in regulating the movement of oxygen in the body and gives the abdominal muscles a good work out.
  • To do the Anulom-Vilom pranayama, sit on a flat surface with your legs folded.
  • Relax the joints and ensure that your spine is erect.
  • Close your eyes and hold the right nostril with the right thumb and press it against your nose so that the only way you can inhale is through your left nostril.
  • Take a deep breath with your left nostril and ensure that your stomach expands as you inhale and fill your stomach with oxygen.
  • Hold the breath for a while and release the breath from the right nostril after holding the left nostril with the forefinger of your right hand.
Practise the same with the right nostril and practise the pranayama for at least 40 counts. 

Naukasana

A common yoga posture that works wonders on your abs.
  • Lie flat on the ground, with your back on the floor.
  • Raise your upper body and legs to an angle of 30 degrees and hold the posture for 30-40 seconds, then relax.
  • Repeat this asana for 10 times to begin with, graduating to 30 times. Breathe normally all through the work out.
Holding onto the posture tightens and contracts your upper and lower abs while repeating the movement tones them up. 

Ushtrasana

  • It is the counter pose to naukasana .
  • Stand on your knees, with heels facing upwards.
  • Arch your back, placing your hands on your knees one by one.
  • Hold your head behind pushing your belly outwards.
  • Hold this posture for 30 seconds and repeat 30 times.
Ushtrasana releases the tension by giving your tummy a good stretch.